Table of Contents
1. Global Shipment
Uganda, located in central east Africa, shipped US$1.68 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2021 and this estimated dollar amount reflects a -42.1% reduction from $2.9 billion 5 years earlier in 2017. The value of Ugandan exports has depreciated by -59.5% compared to the $4.15 billion for 2020.
2. Top Goods
Uganda’s 3 most valuable exported goods in 2021 were coffee, cocoa beans, and sugar. Combined, that trio of top Ugandan exports approached half (45%) of the African nation’s total exports by value.
3. Top Buyers
According to recent data, 87.2% of products exported from Uganda were bought by importers in: United Arab Emirates (44.5% of Uganda’s global total), Kenya (11.2%), South Sudan (8.6%), Democratic Republic of the Congo, (6.4%), Italy (3.3%), Tanzania (2.29%), Germany (2.26%), Sudan (2.17%), Netherlands (1.9%), Belgium (1.7%), Burundi (1.41%) and the United States of America (also 1.41%).
4. Top Destination
51.6% of Uganda’s exports by value were delivered to Asian countries while 34.2% were sold to importers also in Africa. Uganda shipped another 12.6% worth of goods to Europe. While (1.6%) goes to North America, (0.1%) goes to Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, then (0.01%) to Australia and New Zealand in Oceania.
5. Top Exports
Uganda’s Top 10 exports accounted for 77.4% of the overall value of its global shipments and they include:
- Coffee, tea, spices: US$650 million (38.7% of total exports)
- Fish: $115 million (6.8%)
- Cocoa: $99.5 million (5.9%)
- Live trees, plants, and cut flowers: $82.8 million (4.9%)
- Dairy, eggs, honey: $81.7 million (4.9%)
- Sugar, sugar confectionery: $64.3 million (3.8%)
- Oil seeds: $55.2 million (3.3%)
- Vegetables: $52.7 million (3.1%)
- Iron, steel: $50.3 million (3%)
- Wood: $48.8 million (2.9%)
6. Top Surplus
Uganda’s product shipments that bring about trade surplus (that is the amount by which foreign spending on a home country’s goods or services exceeds or lags the home country’s spending on foreign goods or services) include:
- Coffee, tea, spices: US$644 million (Up by 10.7% since 2020)
- Fish: $110.9 million (Down by -1.6%)
- Cocoa: $96.3 million (Up by 2.3%)
- Live trees, plants, cut flowers: $81.5 million (Up by 53.1%)
- Dairy, eggs, honey: $76.5 million (Up by 5.6%)
- Wood: $46.3 million (Up by 2.3%)
- Oil seeds: $40.3 million (Up by 20%)
- Tobacco, manufactured substitutes: $36.8 million (Up by 1.2%)
- Vegetables: $23.5 million (Down by -30.8%)
- Sugar, sugar confectionery: $20.8 million (Reversing a -$19.9 million deficit)
7. Top Deficit
Uganda’s product shipments that bring about a trade deficit (that is where foreign spending on home country Uganda’s goods trail Ugandan importer spending on foreign products) include:
- Pharmaceuticals: -US$575.5 million (Up by 78% since 2020)
- Vehicles: -$521.4 million (Up by 3.8%)
- Machinery including computers: -$492.8 million (Down by -14.1%)
- Electrical machinery, equipment: -$367.7 million (Down by -7.5%)
- Cereals: -$317.6 million (Up by 96%)
- Plastics, plastic articles: -$180.6 million (Down by -49.3%)
- Other chemical goods: -$164.7 million (Down by -16.2%)
- Aircraft, spacecraft: -$148.8 million (Up by 285.7%)
- Salt, sulfur, stone, cement: -$129.4 million (Up by 147.7%)
- Iron, steel: -$128 million (Down by -56.2%)
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The World Factbook Africa: Uganda.
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database (GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity)
Wikipedia, Gross domestic product.